The Government of Mongolia has just signed an agreement with the Green Climate Fund (GCF) to grant privileges and immunities to the organization. The agreement was signed as part of the National Forum for a Specific Contribution (NDC) organized by the Ulan-Bator government. The NDCs of Mongolia and Thailand contain elements of adaptation related to other multilateral environmental agreements. In accordance with a decision of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), governments have recommended that parties to the UNFCCC enter into bilateral agreements with the CCC by granting immediate privileges and immunities consistent with those of other international organizations, including the United Nations system. To date, the GCF has signed agreements with 23 countries, including Mongolia. Tserenbat Namsrai, Minister of Environment and Tourism and Chairman of Mongolia`s National Climate Change Committee, said: „This agreement is part of the government`s support for the implementation of the Paris Agreement, as reflected in our updated national contribution announced today. By exempting CWG funds from national taxation, the agreement ensures that more resources will be paid directly to project beneficiaries. The adjustment component of CNN informs: That Thailand`s National Adaptation Plan (NAP) has taken into account the links between adaptation to climate change under the UNFCCC and other conventions and agreements, including the UN Convention on Combating Desertification (UNDC), the Convention on Biological Diversity (CDB), the SDGs, the Disaster Prevention Framework (Sendai) 2015-2030 and the Ramsar Wetlands Convention. Mongolia is under serious threat from climate change, such as rapid desertification, water scarcity, changing rainfall, seasonal intensification of extreme weather events, increasing melting of permafrost areas and adverse effects on human health. Mongolia emits greenhouse gas emissions per capita, mainly due to above-average energy intensity per capita, with abundant national coal reserves providing more than 90% of primary energy and heat needs. Due to the extremely harsh climatic conditions, with average outdoor temperatures of -6oC between September and April and -20oC between November and January, heating in the building sector accounts for about 40% of total heating demand. By 2030, this figure is expected to increase by about 70% compared to 2010. The Minister indicated that a working group has been set up this year to define Mongolia`s national contributions to the Paris Agreement, in collaboration with international experts and national advisors, by examining the country`s national measures to eliminate greenhouse gas emissions, which have been put in place as part of state development policy and strategies of key economic sectors.
: energy, food and agriculture, construction, transport and waste.